RTH 145 Week 5

Question Answer
Which meds used for treatment of mild to moderate asthma is available as an inhaler? Cromlyn Sodium & Tilade
Describe Leukotrienes Chemicals in body released when breathe in allergen; causes swelling in lungs, tightening in airways
Which meds can a pt w/ history of exercise induced asthma take beforehand to manage chronic symptoms? Leukotriene modifiers (monte/zafir) or mast cell stabilizers (crom/nedocro)
What withdrawal symptoms would a 2ppd X 30 yr smoker experience if admitted to hospital for a week w/ no nicotine? Cravings, nervousness, irritability, headache, weight gain, difficulty concentrating
INO is a selective pulmonary vasodilator that produces what effect? Specifically dilates pulmonary blood vessels w/o causing blood vessel dilation systemically.
INO gas is clinically useful in treating what issues? Pulmonary hypertension, ARDS, right ventricle failure (Cor pulmonale)
Gap in nebulization of Epoprostenol shouldna??t exceed ___ mins to maintain safe effective treatment for your pt. 3
How do you administer surfactant? Using a syringe, through an ET Tube w/ adapter
Prostacyclin has multiple physiological effects including: Vasodilation, inhibition of platelet aggregation (prevents clot), Antiproliferation (inhibits cell growth), anti inflammation, enhanced cardiac contrility
Which antimicrobial agents can be used to treat pneumonia? Penicillin, Cephalosporins, Protein synthesis inhibitors (Erythromycin, Azithromycin)
A pseudomonas infection the lungs can be treated w/ nebulized: Tobramycin (Aminoglycoside)
After administering Curosuf to a premie what adverse reaction should you watch for? Pneumothorax, bradycardia, hypotension, hypoxemia, hemorrhage & apnea
Which antibiotic treats infections caused by gram negative bacteria such as E. coli, klebsiella & acinetobacter resistant to tobramycin & gentamicin? Aminoglycosides or Amikacin
What antibiotic is for MRSA? Vancomycin
Treatment for pts w/ TB includes: Isonazide, Rifampin, Pyrazinamide & Ethambutol or Streptomycin
The meds used to treat RSV reqa??s use of a SPAG nebulizer b/c Particles of Ribavirin must be very small to reach alveoli & respiratory bronchioles; SPAG has a triple capillary tube that makes particles tiny
How long should a 6 month old pt w/ Ribavirin receive treatment? 12-24 hrs per day 3-5 days or more
Following precautions should be taken when administering Ribavirin HEPA filtertent, N95 mask during treatment, goggles
Which vaccine is used to treat RSV in at risk children? Respigam or Palivizumab (Synagis)
Pentamadine inhalation is used for what & administered how? PCP pneumonia seen in AIDS pts, given vis Respigard nebulizer w/ one way valves, given once every 4 weeks, treatment takes 30-45 mins
Antibiotic used in combination w/ other antibiotics to treat infections caused by gram positive organisms like staph & streptococci is Gentamycin
Sildenafil (viagra) is an alternative oral treatment that works as a Pulmonary vasodilator
Surfactant reduces the ____ ____ of fluid in the lungs. Surface tension

Source: https://smfmnewsroom.org/flash-cards/quantitative/

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